Epilepsy seizure first aid

Preparing for an attack

If you saw that the next person standing up began to fall sharply, try to pick it up and lay it on a flat surface. If the place is not dangerous, then it's best to put the patient right there, not moving anywhere. But if the patient began to fall on the roadway, at the pedestrian crossing, if there are dangerous piercing, cutting objects nearby, maybe glass or furniture with sharp corners, then it is best to take it away. To begin with, just pick up the patient under the armpits and lift his head slightly, and then look around and select the safest place by moving it there.

Help with an epileptic seizure

Do not try to hold back seizures or bring a person to consciousness, the main thing - to prevent falling and blows. Remember that the patient during the fit does not feel anything. Under the head you need to put twisted clothes in the role of a pillow. If the mouth is slightly open, take a handkerchief or any improvised material and put it in your mouth to prevent biting the tongue. If the teeth are tightly closed, then you should not try to open them by force, most likely this will not be possible without causing injury. With abundant salivation, the head should be turned to the side, so that the patient does not choke on his own saliva. When helping with epilepsy, do not forget that the attack lasts only a couple of minutes, so the most important thing is to wait out the seizure and make sure that the victim is not injured.

During an attack, it is advisable to hold your head, you can use your hands, but if possible, it is best to sit down and pinch the patient's head between the knees, and press down with your hands slightly on top.

If the patient stopped breathing, then do not be scared, this occurs quite often and lasts only a few minutes.

Attacks of epilepsy can be accompanied by involuntary urination (cover with a package or some clothing), so the first aid for epilepsy includes help when you leave the attack, when the patient needs to be supported psychologically.

Help after exiting the attack

When the cramps are over, and the patient relaxes a little, you need to put the victim on his side - a restorative posture after an attack. If you have medications with the patient, do not give them without the victim's knowledge, until he asks. It is possible that the patient will try to rise, but the muscles are weak, the movements are uncertain. Try to keep the patient from such a step, give the chance to recover. But if the patient still stands up and tries to walk, hold him, take a couple of steps with him, and then release and see if he can go on his own.

Usually minutes through 10 after an attack the victim completely comes to consciousness and already does not require the help. Let him decide on his own what to do next. When you ask him, stay close. Assisting with epilepsy in public places often attracts a lot of people and when you leave the attack the patient sees around him a whole crowd, still not knowing what happened to him, and others begin to tell how he fell and how he struggled in cramps. Therefore, in order not to embarrass the patient, try to politely ask people to move away, to help one person is enough. That the patient is not embarrassed and once again not nervous, talk to him calmly and do not go into details. When the patient gets up, he will be able to do everything on his own, stay with him until then.

Assisting with epilepsy does not necessarily end with an emergency call. First, while the ambulance arrives, the attack will be over. And if a person has such attacks several times a day, then the doctor's call is not required.

In what situations it is necessary to call an ambulance without fail:

  • If the attack occurred with a pregnant woman;
  • An attack occurred with a child or an elderly person;
  • The attack lasted more than 3 minutes;
  • The patient was injured during the attack;
  • If after an attack the patient does not regain consciousness for more than 10 minutes;
  • If this attack is the first.