Causes of convulsions

Most diseases in some people are accompanied by the appearance of convulsions. And to identify their cause is quite difficult. Sometimes a convulsive syndrome manifests itself in cases of a sharp rise in temperature, and sometimes convulsions accompany a person all his life, for example, with chronic epilepsy. Everyone should have an idea of ​​this syndrome and know how to help the sufferer in case of onset of convulsion.

What are convulsions?

Convulsions are a neurological condition in which a person's involuntary contraction of various muscles of the whole body (all at once or separately). In a state of convulsions, a person can not control his movements, which are usually sharp and chaotic.

Almost always convulsions are accompanied by convulsions, which in turn cause muscles to contract, stagnate and cause painful effect. All these muscular pathologies indicate the presence of a disease and require a referral to a specialist with further diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of convulsions

The causes of convulsions and convulsions are many, but there are several most frequent and significant:

  • Increased fever (fever);
  • Tumors in the head;
  • Pregnancy (pathological condition);
  • Neurological disorders (including chronic);
  • Head trauma (see also - what to do with a concussion);
  • epilepsy;
  • Poisoning (most often alcohol intoxication);
  • Oxygen starvation;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • Overdose of medicines.

The most common cause of convulsions and seizures are epileptic seizures (epilepsy). And an attack can occur in any person who does not suffer from this disease. Only ¼ of all epileptic seizures may later be repeated (or permanent) in nature. In general, epileptic convulsions arise from the influence of external factors and are of a one-off nature.

Dissociative convulsions

This type of convulsions is considered "faked" and does not affect human health. Most often, dissociative seizures occur in young children, who fall on the floor demonstratively, beat their hands and feet on the floor, scream, wither and cry. There is no danger to the child's life. Provoke this state can any everyday situations: they did not buy a toy, do not want to dress, do not want to obey.

The main symptoms of dissociative seizures are excessive theatricality, affectiveness, and hyperactivity of the child. There are such antics from a few minutes to 1 hour. Especially strongly provokes a crowded environment: a street, a garden, a shop.

Criteria for diagnosis:

  • Absence of obvious psychological and epileptic disorders.
  • A close connection between the manifestations of dissociative convulsions and stressful situations.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Convulsions, in which the child does not cause serious injuries, does not bite his tongue, does not urinate in his pants and can react to light.

Parents should adequately assess the state of the child and in time to determine the demonstration of feigned convulsions from this epilepsy.

Death convulsions

Immediately determine the death cramp is not always possible. A person before death can not give an account of his movements, which can be either involuntary or reminiscent of adequate movements (a feeling that the dying man is fighting for life). These convulsions are the last movements before death. The duration of the death cramps is from 30 seconds to 3-5 minutes.

There are times when, a few seconds before death, during convulsions, the dying man comes to his senses and tries to say something, to show or hold the hand of the person sitting next to him. The grasp before death is sharp and powerful because of a strong spasm of muscles.

Symptoms of death convulsions:

  • Increased excitability;
  • Frequent breathing;
  • panic;
  • Before convulsions, the dying person may be unconscious or simply be lethargic and inactive.

Convulsions in a dream

As such, the causes of the appearance of convulsions in a dream have not been identified by specialists. But the following factors can provoke such an unpleasant and painful condition:

  • Disturbance of blood flow in the extremities (if the arm or leg was resting);
  • Increased physical exertion that arose during the day;
  • Uncomfortable posture while sleeping;
  • Elderly age (natural decrease of tendons);
  • Stress, transferred in the evening (see also - how to get rid of stress);
  • Taking medicines;
  • Lack of vitamins or minerals;
  • Suffered injuries;
  • Circulatory disturbance;
  • Disorders of the central nervous system;
  • diabetes;
  • Problems with the spine;
  • Pregnancy.

To avoid night convulsions and seizures, follow these tips:

  • Take vitamins;
  • To eat properly and fully;
  • Do not neglect physical exertion;
  • Before going to bed massage feet;
  • Do not get carried away by diuretics.

Symptoms of convulsions

Common symptoms of any kind of convulsion are spasms of muscle tissue and cramps. Uncontrolled movements that can cause pain or fainting. During convulsions a person can not stop them, he loses control over his body or limb.

Diagnosis of convulsions

After the first case of seizures, convulsions and severe seizures, you should contact your doctor in the near future. If there was an attack of epilepsy, then calling an ambulance is mandatory. Only a professional can determine the cause of convulsions, prescribe a full (and competent) examination and only then take up the patient's treatment.

During the examination, the patient should in detail tell the doctor about his condition and convulsions, what could cause this condition, in which places there were convulsions, whether the patient lost consciousness, and what medications he was taking.

And only after a complete examination and questioning of the patient the doctor can make a medical report. Then you need to take tests and make a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and study the state of the brain in detail.


In order to correctly choose the treatment of convulsion, it is necessary to identify the cause of its appearance:

  • In case of poisoning with alcohol or drugs prescribe gastric lavage, intravenously inject saline and medicamentally remove toxins from the body.
  • If the cause of convulsion is epilepsy, then the patient is prescribed an anticonvulsant, which the epileptologist must appoint. They reduce the intensity and duration of epileptic seizures.
  • If the patient has an encephalitis, then he needs to take antipsychotic drugs and nootropics.
  • When meningitis convulsions manifest themselves in the most severe stage of the disease and require the immediate introduction of anticonvulsants. Treatment of meningitis is carried out with the help of strong antibiotics.