Ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy

According to many doctors who specialize in the treatment of epilepsy, a great effect is achieved by using a ketogenic diet. Epilepsy is a disease that is accompanied by characteristic seizures: convulsions, mood changes, mental disorders, hallucinations, aggression, panic attacks, delirium, etc.

Significantly improve the condition of patients, as well as stop epileptic seizures, will help complex therapy, which includes: physiotherapy procedures, medicines, ketogenic diet.

The essence of the ketogenic diet

Currently, in the treatment of epilepsy, specialists use a ketogenic diet that is contraindicated in infants who have not reached the first year. Due to very strict dietary restrictions, this diet should be prescribed by the attending physician, after a comprehensive examination of the patient.

Long-term restriction in nutrients supplied to the body from various products, can significantly reduce the incidence of epileptic seizures. In some cases, the attacks of the disease completely disappear, and patients can lead a full-fledged lifestyle. When appointing a diet to patients, the attending physician must constantly monitor their condition and take action if any side effects or disorders are found. Its main principle is starvation. The first three are allowed to consume drinking water without gas.

Patients are strictly forbidden to drink mineral water, as it contains various microelements and gases in its composition. During the ketogenic diet, patients are strongly encouraged to reduce physical activity. The attending physician may prescribe a bed rest for the patient if he sees all the reasons for this. Since the fourth day of the hunger strike, patients need to gradually introduce solid food into their daily diet.

The daily norm of products should be divided into small portions (4 times less than always), which in 5-6 receptions can be eaten. Patients should learn how to calculate the amount of nutrients they use, as this is very important for their body and overall well-being. They should be guided by the following indicators: 4 parts of fat / 1 part of proteins / 1 part of carbohydrates. During the ketogenic diet lasting 3 days, patients should completely exclude from their diet the following products: beets, potatoes, carrots, cereals, wheat bread, pasta.

During treatment of epilepsy in children, whose age ranges from 1 to 12 years, specialists use a slightly modified ketogenic diet. It differs from the standard dietary diet as follows: Young patients should use special fatty cocktails made on the basis of milk. Such a milk drink has a special composition, over which professional dieticians work.

Patients can choose themselves, in what form they will drink this drink: in the form of ice cream or in the form of a cocktail. The main task of dieticians who developed a milk drink is the instruction of the child's organism for regular consumption of food with a high fat content. This is due to the fact that fatty foods have antiepileptic effect. The attending physician individually for each young patient determines the list of foods that can be eaten. Ketogenic diet is able not only to restore lost forms, but also help the body to fight serious diseases, in particular with epilepsy.

Before starting a ketogenic diet, the patient should receive a consultation from his attending physician, since there are a number of contraindications for it:

  • Diseases of the kidneys, liver (a large amount of fats can adversely affect the work of these organs);
  • Endocrine diseases, in particular diabetes, metabolic disorders, etc .;
  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • Cerebrovascular and lipid diseases.

Every patient who enters the ketogenic diet should maintain a diary of his own. In it, he will be able to mark the periodicity and duration of epileptic seizures. Duration of the diet can be determined only by the attending physician, after studying the diet diary of his patient.

Some patients may develop side effects:

  • Decreased activity;
  • Stool disorder;
  • Lowering of blood acidity;
  • For diabetics such a diet can end fatal.

This category of patients who are contraindicated in the ketogenic diet, it is recommended to abandon the indigestible, spicy, salty and smoked food. They are also advised to limit the use of liquid.

Results, feedback and recommendations of doctors on ketogenic nutrition

The activation of the ketogenic diet program in the treatment of epilepsy is due to the fact that patients do not experience discomfort throughout the entire period of fasting. They have a dull feeling of hunger, despite the limited intake of calories in the body. When entering the ketogenic diet in patients, the pancreas begins to produce insulin in smaller quantities. As a result, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases is reduced.

At present, the ketogenic diet has been used to treat cancer. According to many experts who left their feedback on the ketogenic diet, 70% of patients noticed significant improvements in the general condition of the body, including a reduction in the number of seizures, and 30% of epileptics did not experience any effect. With the appointment of a diet to patients of young age, there were cases of complete healing from this severe illness. Many people use a ketogenic diet to correct their weight. Only six days of dietary nutrition can get rid of 5 extra pounds.

When using diet for weight loss, experts recommend not limiting themselves in the liquid, so that the slags quickly leave the body, and its cells at an accelerated pace updated. Before you can exclude from your diet any products, anyone should get advice from their doctor or a professional dietitian. The human body is able to independently produce from fatty deposits the necessary amount of nutrients for the full operation of the brain.

Everyone knows that the liver contains a certain amount of glycogen (glucose), which is enough for no more than 1 day. After consuming this stock, the body starts to start the process (ketosis), at which fats begin to burn (the pancreas processes the fat cells into keto-bodies that are capable of replacing glucose by their composition).

After ketones penetrate the brain of a person suffering from epilepsy, there is a relief of seizures, since they have an anticonvulsant effect.

Over the years, various studies of epilepsy have been conducted, the result of which allows us to assert that there is a direct link between the patient's well-being and the nutrition system used by him. Patients who participated in the tests and sat on a ketogenic diet found dehydration, which was achieved due to the exclusion of carbohydrates from the diet.

The menu should be consulted by specialists, since the presence of fatty milkshakes or ice cream in the daily diet is extremely important for young epileptics. Such products are able to replace the necessary carbohydrates, so they should be eaten in sufficient quantities. Adult patients do not need to eat foods that replace carbohydrates, since they should be completely excluded from the diet during the diet.